Nam Xuan Tran


Spectrum is a scarce resource for wireless communications. Duringthe past decades there have been great research efforts in proposing various transmission techniques which can increase the spectral efficiency of the wireless systems. This paper is aimed to provide a comprehensive review on the spectrally efficient transmission techniques applied in multiple antenna systems. Specifically, three state-of-the-art techniques which make use of the spatial domain to convey information bits, including the Vertical Bell-Labs Layered Space-Time (V-BLAST), the source-based spatial modulation (SM) and the media-based modulation (MBM), will be surveyed and their critical advantages as well as limitations will be highlighted. Finally, technical challenges and open research problems will be given as a guideline for possible future advancement.

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